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Provide Flexible Models of Skilled Performance

Page history last edited by Mallory Burton 12 years, 8 months ago

Providing Flexible Models of Skilled Performance is a UDL strategy presented in Chapter 6 of Teaching Every Student in the Digital Age. 


Key Concepts:

1.  Exposure to expert models helps student develop competencies

2.  Students need multiple examples and counterexamples

3.  Models can be provided in different learning contexts

4.  Digital materials are useful in showing expert examples




Sample Lesson which uses a Flexible Model of Skilled Performance

  The Fact Fragment Frenzy lesson, from the ReadWriteThink site, is an excellent example of a ThinkAloud that a teacher might do to show students how to take notes.  A demo video shows what the teacher is thinking as she takes notes on a short passage.  The 5 practice activities, in which students drag the important words from a short text to their notes page, work great on the SMARTBoard!  You can do this quite easily yourself using Word Magnets which allows you to paste in a block of text and then move it around.  (There is a new downloadable version for purchase but this is the old free version.) Check out Nik Peachey's video tutorials.





Listeners can submit questions to radio shows such as Quirks and Quarks.  Online sites such as Grammar Girl or Ask an Astronaut encourage students to ask questions of experts in their respective fields. 

Here's a directory of experts.  Take a few minutes to investigate and see whether there's an expert in a subject you're currently teaching.  Do you have any expert sites you'd recommend?



Teaching Strategies/Activites/Resources:

  Dr. Anita Archer reminds us to teach relentlessly.  Don't assume anything...teach and model everything!  Many times!  At the SEA conference, Anita Archer did a brilliant demo of teaching students to use a rubric by going through the rubric with a sample passage and marking it together. Here are the resources she used in the SEA session.  (In the online session, we practiced with criteria 1 and 7 on the descriptive paragraph rubric and the sample descriptive paragraph.)
One of the most important things to model is your own enthusiasm for learning and your willingness to take on new challenges in order to establish a true culture of learning in your classroom.  Looking for something to jumpstart your own sense of wonder?   TED Talks (Technology, Education, Design) is a yearly conference that invites experts in any field to give the talk of their lives (18 minutes) to an audience of their peers.  For example,Pattie Maes at MIT demos their Sixth Sense device that allows seamless access between the user and cameras, cell phones, and meta-information from the internet. These subtitled talks are recorded as videos and licensed under CC.  Check out the ones rated "jaw-dropping".  

Thinkalouds are an excellent way for the teacher to model learning skills in any area of the curriculum.  These can be embedded in documents or presentations as voice notes or video clips.  CAST's Book Builder allows you to embed speaking avatars in shareable, downloadable books. 


Thought Bubble from Flickr CC by oddsock


Guest speakers, in person or virtual, are excellent models.  The internet gives us access to speakers who otherwise might not visit our classroom.  Who can read a Robert Munsch story better than Robert Munsch?

  Interviewing parents, guest speakers, or elders with paper and pencil, digital voice recorders or video cameras is a great way to collect and pool expert information. 
  Provide examples of exemplary work to serve as models.  Using the document camera with a SB is an excellent way to show student work.  When using a rubric, it's a good idea to display samples of work for each stage of the rubric from former classes, student names removed of course.   iWrite provides expert examples of different types of writing as part of its online help.  Applicants to Harvard submit an entrance essay, and the best of these are published in a collection.

Students are particularly interested in their peers' work and they can learn from each other.  In his LATA presentation, David Rose described how he assigns  5 students each week to take notes for the entire class and post them to the class website.  Although these notes are all very different in style, they are all exemplary.  (At about the 13:00 mark in the What Do We Mean by Universal section.)
Has anyone tried this??
Tutorials and "how-to" demos are often prepared by experts in fields such as dance, sports, and cooking.  At TeacherTube, you can also find many demos of skilled performance in teaching.  We need more videos of skilled teachers teaching!!  Try googling Anita Archer and look at some of the videos of her teaching. Karen Hume's new book Evidence to Action: 50 Tools and Techniques for Classroom Assessment also contains videos of teachers teaching.
Use screen capture software such as the free Jing (MAC and Win) to capture narrated explanations of anything you do on a computer.  The SMART Recorder tool will also work to capture anything you do on the computer, not just in NB.  All of SET-BCs online demos are created using Camtasia Studio (WIN).  IShowU has been popular with Mac users in the project.


Related Word, Kurzweil, and SB features

  It is very easy to project a text on the SMARTBoard and do a "thinkaloud" with the entire class.  Teachers can also solve a math problem and record their solution so students can refer to it later.
  Thinkalouds can be embedded in Word documents using Text Comments or Voice Comments.
  Thinkalouds can be embedded in Kurzweil documents using a variety of note types.


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